Frans Hals Biography:
Place Active: Europe, Haarlem
Documents show that Hals was born in Antwerp, probably in 1582 or 1583. He had moved to Haarlem with his parents (his father was a clothworker) by 1591, and at some time before 1603 he is thought to have studied with Carel van Mander. In 1610 he joined the Haarlem painters’ guild; his first known dated work, a portrait, is from the following year. Hals worked in Haarlem until his death, chiefly painting portraits, including several group portraits of militia officers and governors of charitable institutions. His younger brother Dirck also was a painter, as were three of his sons.
Source: Art in The Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts
, New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1996.